What is Thalassemia?
Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin, the protein responsible for carrying oxygen in red blood cells. It is characterized by abnormal or insufficient production of one or more globin chains that make up hemoglobin. Thalassemia is typically inherited from parents who carry the mutated genes.
Diagnosis of thalassemia involves blood tests, including a complete blood count and hemoglobin electrophoresis, which can help identify abnormal hemoglobin patterns. Genetic testing may also be performed to determine the specific genetic mutations involved.
Treatment options for thalassemia vary depending on the severity and symptoms of the condition. They may include regular blood transfusions to increase hemoglobin levels, iron chelation therapy to remove excess iron from the body, and folic acid supplements to support red blood cell production. In some cases, bone marrow or stem cell transplantation may be considered as a curative option.